Japanese carpentry has a history of over 1,000 years. Though in western construction we tend to separate architect/designer from the constructor, in Japan the carpenter is also the architect.
Japanese carpentry is known for its ability to create everything from temples to houses to tea houses to furniture without the use of any nails, screws, or power tools. This is done through a process called joinery. Joinery involves the creation of interlocking joints that join together carefully selected pieces of wood.